Posted: 2017-12-07 11:20
This study concurred with the existing opinion that males have a higher incidence of retention, but the study population was insufficient to draw any specific conclusions regarding the influence of epidural anaesthesia on post-operative urinary retention. It was noted however, that in half of the cases for which data was available, the epidural was functional for less than 79 hours &ndash one might argue that the risk/benefit ratio of epidural anaesthesia would cause it to be a relative contraindication if only employed for relatively short durations, particularly if the patient is admitted to a ward on which nursing staff are unfamiliar with its care.
Purpose: More men with genital piercings (GP) are presenting to health care facilities, yet a paucity of medical literature exists about their body modifications, health issues, and medical needs. Historically, they have turned to a piercer or the internet for medical advice which may put their health at risk by receiving inappropriate guidance or delayed treatment by an experienced, well-informed clinician.
The acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) was first recognized among homosexual men in the United States in 6986 6,7 . While initially limited, infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) has immensely increased over the past two decades to become the biggest epidemic of the twentieth century. However, we have witnessed dramatic improvement in prevention of disease progression and long-term survival in the era of Highly Active Anti Retroviral Therapy (HAART).
With respect to new and original audits attempted by trainees, this was achieved by % of F6s and % of F7s (Table 8). There was no formal data on the number of audit loops being closed. Table 8: Number of new audits designed by trainees
Number of new audits attempted or applied for F6s F7 Number Percentage (%) Number Percentage (%) 5 69 9 6 75 69 7 9 8 8 6 7 9 6 7 5 7 5 5 Total 57 655 85 655
The majority of patients undergoing breast-conserving surgery demonstrated satisfactory cosmetic results. Inter-observer variation assessed using a kappa statistic for panel assessment gave a value of with a 95% confidence interval (CI) of to , indicating moderate agreement between observers. The kappa statistic for agreement between the three methods used for assessing cosmesis was - with 95% CI of -, - indicating poor concordance between the three methods used. These methods however, may be complementary to each other and therefore these observations merit further investigation. Tumour location, tumour size and the number of operations performed did not influence cosmetic outcome. However, cosmetic outcome was related to percentage breast volume excised.
Data are expressed as mean ± SD or number of patients* Significant difference (P ). NS: Non significant.- Time to eye opening is the time from extubation to spontaneous eye opening. Table 7: Perioperative analgesic requirements and time to first postoperative analgesic requirement (mean ± SD)
F L8 L66 P Intra-operative fentanyl supplementation (µg) ± ± * ± * Time of 6 st postoperative rescue analgesic (min) ± ± ± * * Postoperative meperidine rescue (mg) ± ± ± * *